Clarkslegal LLP - Solicitors in Reading and London

Legal Updates

Sellers and Landlords Beware - Why you must keep replies you give to enquiries up to date

08 May 2018 #Real Estate

The importance of Sellers and Landlords ensuring the replies they give to pre-contract enquiries are kept up to date throughout a transaction and that the Buyer or Tenant is notified of any changes was recently highlighted in the case of First Tower Trustees Limited and another v CDS (Superstores International) [2017] EWHC B6 (Ch).

A misrepresentation claim was made by the Tenant when their prospective Landlord failed to update replies to enquiries.

The interpretation section of the replies to enquiries provided that prior to completion the Landlord would notify the Tenant on becoming aware of anything which might cause any reply that had been given to be incorrect.  During the transaction the Landlord received specialist information which revealed the presence of asbestos at the property. The Landlord failed to update the replies to enquiries before the Tenant entered into a lease of the property.

The Tenant claimed misrepresentations were made in replies to enquiries given by the Landlord as the Landlord had stated it had not been notified of any actual, alleged or potential breaches of environmental law or other environmental problem relating to the property when it had in its possession information to the contrary.

The High Court found that the wording "the Buyer must satisfy itself" used in the replies given did not assist the Landlord in this case. The High Court were of the opinion the misrepresentation was material and had been relied upon by the Tenant.

The High Court also considered the effectiveness of a clause in the lease that purported to exclude liability for any misrepresentations made by the Landlord.  Section 3(1) of the Misrepresentation Act 1967 provides that, where a term excludes or restricts liability for misrepresentation, it shall be of no effect except in so far as it satisfies the requirement of reasonableness as stated in section 11(1) of the Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977 (UCTA 1977). By section 11 of the UCTA 1977 a term is reasonable if it is fair and reasonable having regard to the circumstances which were, or ought reasonably to have been, known or contemplated by the parties when the contract was made.

The High Court found the lease clause to be unreasonable. It did not allow reliance on replies to enquiries which are of importance and in turn this would render meaningless the exercise of raising enquiries and relying on the answers. 

The High Court held the Landlord liable for misrepresentation and that the clause in the lease purporting to exclude liability was ineffective. The Landlord was ordered to pay to the Tenant damages in respect of the remedial works and also the cost of alternative accommodation. 

The Appeal is due to be heard on 22 May 2018.

How can Sellers and Landlords attempt to prevent finding themselves in a similar situation? 

  1. Familiarise yourselves with your obligations under the interpretation section of any pre-contact enquiries.

  2. As soon as you become aware of any information that changes or might change the replies you have already given notify your solicitor, provide them with copies of any relevant documentation and instruct them to disclose the same to the Buyer or Tenant, as the case may be.

  3. Include in your pre-exchange and pre-completion checks a review of the replies you have given to date to any enquiries raised by the Buyer or Tenant and immediately notify your solicitor of any changes that need to be made to now incorrect answers, provide them with copies of any relevant documentation and instruct them to disclose the same to the Buyer or Tenant as the case may be.
Clarkslegal, specialist Real Estate lawyers in London, Reading and throughout the Thames Valley.
For further information about this or any other Real Estate matter please contact Clarkslegal's real estate team by email at by telephone 020 7539 8000 (London office), 0118 958 5321 (Reading office) or by completing the form on this page.
This information is for guidance purposes only and should not be regarded as a substitute for taking legal advice. Please refer to the full General Notices on our website.

Read more articles

Rachel Krol

Rachel Krol
Senior Consultant

T: 020 7539 8068
M: 0776 630 5113


Real Estate team
+44 (0)118 958 5321